Cataracts

Cataracts

A cataract develops as the crystalline lens inside the eye loses transparency.  This results in a decreasing ability to see fine details and ultimately complete loss of vision if the cataract is left to progress.  Cataracts are caused by both genetic and environmental factors.  Cataracts cause loss of visual clarity, “ghost” images, doubling of vision and glare.  Risk factors for developing cataracts include age, diabetes, exposure to ultraviolet light, smoking and certain medications.  Most people develop cataracts at some point in life and at least half will require cataract surgery.

During surgery, the cloudy crystalline lens (cataract) is broken up and vacuumed out of the eye. Immediately afterwards an artificial lens implant is placed in the same position. These lens implants, like glasses, have a prescription in them that is chosen based on the shape of the patient’s eye. The beauty of this is that cataract surgery can result in the ability to see well without glasses or contact lenses. The advances in the design of lens implants over the past several years have been impressive. We now have superb lens implants that correct near-sightedness, far-sightedness and astigmatism. We have multifocal lens implants that allow one to both see far to drive and read without glasses. These lens implants have a very high rate of patient satisfaction and about 1/3rd of our patients opt for this.

Cataract surgery is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia with sedation.  We are fortunate to have a state-of-the-art facility right here in our building!